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You may know it, but maybe you don’t know it!

~The Japanese calendar and the Western calendar~



Are you often confused by the difference between the Japanese and Western calendars? Especially when you work with a recruitment agency, you see the Japanese calendar and the Western calendar on many occasions, as you write your work experience in chronological order on your CV and resume.

Showa 昭和 is often written as S, Heisei 平成as H, and Reiwa令和 as R. When writing your Japanese CV or resume, you should write Showa, Heisei or Reiwa in Kanji characters. You would use either the Japanese calendar or the Western calendar, but make sure to use one of them consistently for clarity. A common mistake is to write 令和1年 (the first year of Reiwa) instead of 令和元年Gannen in Japanese custom. What is meant by 元年Gannen is the first year of a new naming period and is also the marking of the starting point of things.

The Western calendar counts the year in which Christ was supposed to have been born as the first year of the year, whereas Japan’s original system of renderings is based on the accession of kings, with the 126th Emperor Tokujin ascending to the throne on 1 May 2019, marking the beginning of Reiwa. (*Heisei 31 means from 1 January 2019 to 30 April 2019, and Reiwa Gannen means from 1 May 2019 to 31 December 2019.)

Next, there is a way to convert from Western calendar to Japanese calendar without checking the table. An easy way to do this is by subtracting! For example, the current year is Reiwa 5 and the Western calendar is 2023. If you subtract 18 from the last two digits of the Western calendar, you can find out the year of 2023, so remember this method for the future. 23 -18=Reiwa 5.

【Japanese to Western year conversion table.】

令和5 2023
令和4 2022
令和3 2021
令和2 2020
令和元年 2019
平成31 2019
平成30 2018
平成29 2017
平成28 2016
平成27 2015
平成26 2014
平成25 2013
平成24 2012
平成23 2011
平成22 2010
平成21 2009
平成20 2008
平成19 2007
平成18 2006
平成17 2005
平成16 2004
平成15 2003
平成14 2002
平成13 2001
平成12 2000
平成11 1999
平成10 1998
平成9 1997
平成8 1996
平成7 1995
平成6 1994
平成5 1993
平成4 1992
平成3 1991
平成2 1990
平成元年 1989
昭和64 1989
昭和63 1988
昭和62 1987
昭和61 1986
昭和60 1985
昭和59 1984
昭和58 1983
昭和57 1982
昭和56 1981
昭和55 1980
昭和54 1979
昭和53 1978
昭和52 1977
昭和51 1976
昭和50 1975
昭和49 1974
昭和48 1973
昭和47 1972
昭和46 1971
昭和45 1970
昭和44 1969
昭和43 1968
昭和42 1967
昭和41 1966
昭和40 1965
昭和39 1964
昭和38 1963
昭和37 1962
昭和36 1961
昭和35 1960
昭和34 1959
昭和33 1958
昭和32 1957
昭和31 1956
昭和30 1955




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